Saturday, April 22, 2017

Residency Requirements and Preference for Citizen Hiring - A Change Of Mind

I'm writing this blog to share some thoughts on the future of hiring civil servants and searching for candidates to fill important city offices and positions.

This issue became top of mind when a recent ballot initiative in April, 2017 came up called Proposition C; it's goal was to provide hiring preference for citizens of St. Louis for public jobs. 

The topic sprang up again just this week when our new Mayor took office. On her first day she accepted the retirement/resignation of the acting Chief of Police, Sam Dotson.

That is a big, important position to fill.

I've struggled with internal mental wrangling on the matter of residency requirements and preference for hiring...so much so that I failed to get this published before the April election when it was fresh on my mind. Then the plot thickened with the Chief role opening up.  More thought...more time passed.  Then later this week, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch published a story on the opportunity to look far and wide for a new Chief for the first time in ~150 years.

So I'm FINALLY publishing this blog to come to terms with a full blown switch in personal philosophy on hiring in St. Louis, and what is the best for the city. 

Now, I don't mind admitting a change of mind publicly after learning more about a subject.

When it comes to St. Louis, there are several things that seem to be evidently true after living here for 23 years. My hypotheses, theories and laws are forming. I feel like I'm honing in on our top three to five strengths and weaknesses and they are almost cemented as personal law in my mind.

The hypothesis part is the most fun though. Forming an opinion or fleshing out an ideal/stance and having life, time and experience change your initial thoughts...making you more seasoned and well, I guess, smarter or at least more critical. It's one of the main reasons I do this blog...to flesh out thoughts/hypotheses on St. Louis issues.
A hypothesis is a reasonable guess based on what you know or observe. Hypotheses are proven and disproven all of the time. Hypotheses play a strong role in the scientific method where you formulate a question, create a hypothesis, make a testable prediction, test, and then analyze the data. Even then, a hypothesis needs to be tested and retested many times before it is generally accepted in the scientific community as being true. (source)
Through constant experimentation and living life, my thoughts evolve and I change my mind on what I think is good for St. Louis.

Here's a personal example of a change of mind on a St. Louis issue.

Hypothesis: I used to think residency requirements were absolutely necessary for city employees, especially police, prosecutors/criminal justice employees and firemen. You want to work here? You should live here and understand our issues firsthand and help us rebuild this dwindling city. We need to take care of each other, starting with St. Louis citizens first. Local preference!


And when I say leave, I mean bolted and cursed the city as they left. Trust me, I heard some of this firsthand and it was disappointing.

Taking that a step further, I thought all city employees should live in St. Louis...what better way to represent your office or department than by serving your fellow neighbors/citizens.

But this train of thought was especially true for authority figures...those who deal with life/death, freedom/imprisonment.

At the time it seemed like the people policing the community should be able to relate to the community. They should have a stake in crime going down from the perspective that it would affect their family or their property personally. My logic was  that people behave different and look different in St. Charles than they do in St. Louis. Think about it, can a Kirkwood resident really understand St. Louis and it's people and struggles when their demographics of personal wealth, class and race are so radically different? Sure, but it's harder...and the skin in the game is lower.

Also, my cynical or paranoid streak suspected that County philosophies/policies like to concentrate crime, poverty, etc. in St. Louis to better cordon off their communities from these issues.

Look no further than the steady stream of suburban municipality's police forces and hospitals paying for taxi rides dropping off homeless/mentally ill people found in their cities in Downtown St. Louis. It is County tradition to concentrate the region's problems in St. Louis. It's the easiest fix. And I was highly suspect of these same folks intentions working here for real change that benefits people who live here.

My former idealist ways wanted my police force to look like the people of St. Louis and understand what it's like to deal with crime on a first hand basis. I felt the only way you truly appreciate this is by living here.

Reading about it and looking at crime stats just isn't enough. Arm chair analyses from a drive to Busch stadium and back to the burbs just isn't enough.

I felt it was good to see authority figures in neighborhoods of St. Louis. It reinforced the democratic system to me...of the people, by the people, for the people.

But, renewed thoughts on local hiring/residency requirements were sparked after reading a story a few months back in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch about the pending retirement of Jennifer Joyce, St. Louis Circuit Attorney Prosecutor. Joyce was the city's longest-serving elected prosecutor with four terms under her belt.

From the PD story:
“I really love St. Louis,” Joyce said in a wide-ranging interview last week. “I’ve lived here all my life but I’m ready to have a little bit of a change of scenery. I would like to not think about crime 24 hours a day.” (source)
You have to love St. Louis to do that job. And it gave me solace knowing that she really did live in St. Louis as opposed to Clayton, St. Charles, Millstadt or some other city that is nothing like St. Louis when it comes to poverty and crime.

What a tough job. I can't imagine dealing with the level of hate, lack of dignity and violence on a daily basis that a prosecutor must face in a city that has the highest homicide stats in the nation.

As a juror, I've only made it so far as the voir dire; but, my wife has been a juror. Just those two experiences alone were enough to make you lose faith in humanity. The level of misogyny, hate, self-loathing and illegal gun lust in this community can really weigh on you. It is hard to take and sometimes harder to shake.

I respect the resolve that police, investigators and prosecutors have and the desire to somehow help victims find some kind of justice in a world where so many are infatuated with violence/murder as the only means to solve relationship problems, money problems and petty disputes.

I remember when I lived in the neighborhood where Joyce once lived and I'd be walking the dog crossing paths with her on occasion. I remember what kind of car she drove, etc. She would come to neighborhood meetings to talk about her office.

I never introduced myself or met her (why would I?), but I knew who she was from watching the news and reading the paper.  It was good to see her as a normal person just getting off work and living amongst the same people she is prosecuting and trying to protect.

She was definitely a part of that neighborhood and that made a lasting impression on me and is likely a big part of what formed my erstwhile opinions on local hiring, recruitment and residency preference.

But that's all been challenged and I'm here to announce a flip flop.

I was preparing to vote in the April, 2017 election and there was a measure on the ballot that required me to do some thinking.

The proposed change to the city charter, was called Proposition C and the St. Louis electorate was asked to weigh in. It states:
Shall Section 4 of Article XVIII of the Charter of the City of St. Louis be amended to add paragraph (f), which provides for the enactment of an ordinance establishing a residents' preference to residents of the City of St. Louis upon successfully passing a civil service examination for civil service positions with the City? Section 4. Ordinances to be enacted - The mayor and aldermen shall provide, by ordinance: (f) City Residents' Preference. For a preference to be granted to residents of the City of St. Louis who successfully pass an examination for a civil service position. (source)
So when I initially read this, thoughts of authority figures like police and prosecutors came to mind. I should vote yes on this one...give the people who live here and root down in our city a job.

But after further examination...no, this does not benefit the citizens of St. Louis. Why? Well, if you've ever had to utilize city services, you know it is, um, well...a mixed bag of professionalism and basic competence. Sometimes it's just fine, or even great. Yet, sadly, in my experience, at other times it is straight up terrible. Laughably so.

Which got me to thinking:

St. Louis is shedding population annually at a staggering rate. That means the hiring pool (if you had to recruit only within St. Louis' boundaries) is shrinking as well.

Any hiring manager, human resources or talent scout would likely tell you that casting your net wide is a good practice.  Expanding your search is just logical if you want the best person for the job.

I mean city jobs are service based jobs with real deliverables and accountabilities. The City of St. Louis is not a jobs program or guaranteed lifetime of employment.

Oh, and here's another thing: you know that if you live in St. Louis you pay a 1% earning tax on your personal income. And, if you don't live in St. Louis (say Belleville or Wellston), but you work in St. Louis, you pay the same 1% of your personal income earned within the St. Louis city limits.

So, doesn't it make sense to draw someone in from outside the city to expand your hiring pool and get a little extra money for the city coffers? If you live here, we already have you on the tax books. If you are hired from the nearby suburbs and small towns, we'd get a little extra $ to pay for services that citizens benefit from.

This practice as proposed in Prop C would actual promote nepotism at worst or limit the talent pool at best. This is bad, we need outsiders to help us get more professional/competent staff at all levels of city government and services.

Actually, what we need are more good, honest, hard working people from all walks of life...diversity. And we need to maybe show preference to outsiders or newbies.

Bummer is, the Proposition passed (source):
When it's all said and done, this is not a big deal. It isn't a step in the right direction, but it is what it is. So it goes.

But, I now think there is more value in hiring the best, not the most local. And first hand experience living in St. Louis is important, but shouldn't be the primary qualifier to identify the selection pool...probably not even the deciding variable in the equation.

In fact, when it comes to the Chief of Police, I think we need someone from another city in the country, a new set of experiences without local baggage and entrenched relationships that immediately add to the conflict.

And per a couple comments from Mayor Krewson, it sounds hopeful:

The path to replace Police Chief Sam Dotson will go through uncharted territory as city leaders look outside the department for the first time in its more than 150-year history.

In an interview Thursday, Mayor Lyda Krewson shied away from using the term “national search” to describe how she wants to select the next chief.

“We want to get the right person for the job, and that person might be inside or on the outside of the department, and that goes for any position. It’s just common sense personnel practices,” she said. 
“We’re not certain what the process will be, but our personnel director will put together a plan for how to go about doing this,” Krewson said. “This is all less than 24 hours old, and we’re just now figuring out all that.” 
This will be the first search for a new chief since the city regained control of its police department from the state. 
Under that structure, only those already with the department who held the rank of captain and above were eligible for the top post. It’s unclear whether the recent shift to city control may widen or narrow eligible ranks. (source)
This is a huge opportunity to make real, historic change.


I mean, someone who can walk in on the first week of the job and see that two police unions based on race is too much for one small city of ~300,000. Working together is something this region is not known for. Fighting for local scraps is. We need someone bigger than that. Someone who can stand up and say what is wrong with St. Louis, the County and the region in general...an advocate for consolidation, efficiency, community building and frankly, getting things under control.

We have a problem, and we need outside help, not local hiring preference.

I'm in the minority on Prop C, I don't think we need local people for big jobs, I think we need outsiders...the most qualified for all levels of civil service.

Anyhow, here's to hiring the best new employees we can, casting the net far and wide and getting new ideas and new people in the room.

Mayor Krewson, go find us the best Chief of Police you can find!

Fresh faces, someone we don't already "know".

2 comments:

Dennis Ellis said...

100% agree on Prop C and getting some fresh eyes on the problems. Personally, I start a job with the city on Monday. I have been a city resident and a county resident and am currently in the county area of Affton. I am indescribely excited to return to the city with my family. I am excited to seek being part of the solution and not being a county observer. Finally, I am looking forward to being a co resident and neighbor to like minded folk such as yourself.

Side not - happy Earth Day

Anonymous said...

Just wanted to point out that requiring city employees to live in the city and giving existing residents preference in hiring are two different things. I agree, giving city residents preference in hiring is poor human resource planning -as you said, its better to cast a wide net and find the most qualified. Once hired, whether to require that candidate to move into the city or not is a separate issue, not addressed by Prop C.

Since Prop C passed, the next question is how much preference should they be given? Promotional candidates and Veterans get 5 points added to their interview score. Should city residents also get 5 points? - or maybe 2 points would be more reasonable. Candidates being interviewed can often be very close to each other in their score. Making the cut to be one of the top 6 (ie finalists) can be a difference of 1 point, or less. Let's say we have 6 very capable candidates. Just on merit they score very close to one another, all in the 80-82 point range. One of them is from out of town. There is a 6th candidate, who on merit, only scores a 76. But s/he lives in the city. If s/he gets 5 bonus points and bumps up to 81, s/he has now knocked out one of our higher candidates to be in the top 6 finalists.

And how do we define city resident? If I live in Kirkwood, can I rent an apartment for a month and change my address until the interview process is over, just to get the bonus points. Then, if I don't get the job, just cancel the month-to-month lease? Do I have to prove I've lived here for over 6 months? a year? two years? What if I went to college in California and worked there for a year but now want to move back home to St. Louis. Can I put my parents' address on my application and claim residency? After all, I grew up here and only moved away to go to college. What if I grew up in California but am attending college at Harris-Stowe or SLU? If I apply for a job during my graduation year, while my address is still at my apt or dorm, am I resident?